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Published: January 24, 2024

All You Need to Know About Sacroiliitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Sacroiliitis is a condition that often goes unrecognized but can significantly impact an individual's quality of life. It involves inflammation of one or both of the sacroiliac joints, located where the lower spine and pelvis connect. Understanding sacroiliitis is crucial, as it affects many people and is often misdiagnosed due to the complexity of its symptoms. We'll be looking at some of the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for sacroiliitis and what to do if you think you may have this condition, or any other condition that causes neck, back, or joint pain.

What is Sacroiliitis?

Sacroiliitis is characterized by inflammation in the sacroiliac joints. These joints are critical for effectively distributing the weight of the upper body to the lower limbs. When these joints become inflamed, it leads to pain and discomfort, which can often be debilitating.

Causes of Sacroiliitis

Some of the most common causes of sacroiliitis include:

  • Trauma: A sudden impact, such as a car accident or a fall, can damage the sacroiliac joints.
  • Arthritis: Forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, can lead to sacroiliitis.
  • Pregnancy: The body undergoes significant changes during pregnancy, which can put extra stress on the sacroiliac joints.
  • Infection: In rare cases, the sacroiliac joints can become infected.
  • Prolonged Repetitive Activity: Activities that involve regular, intense strain on the sacroiliac joints can lead to inflammation.

Symptoms of Sacroiliitis

Recognizing the symptoms of sacroiliitis is key to timely diagnosis and treatment. Common symptoms include:

  • Pain in the Lower Back or Buttocks: This is often the most common and significant symptom.
  • Pain Radiating Down the Legs: In some cases, the pain can extend down one or both legs.
  • Stiffness or a Burning Sensation in the Pelvis: This can be particularly noticeable in the morning or after prolonged periods of inactivity.
  • Increased Pain When Standing or Walking: The pain often worsens with weight-bearing activities.

Diagnosing Sacroiliitis

Diagnosing sacroiliitis involves a combination of physical examinations, medical history analysis, and imaging tests. Our physicians may use X-rays, MRI, or CT scans to get a clearer picture of the sacroiliac joints and identify inflammation or other abnormalities.

Treatment Options for Sacroiliitis

The treatment for sacroiliitis varies based on the severity and underlying cause. Common treatments include:

  • Physical Therapy: Tailored exercises can help strengthen the muscles around the sacroiliac joint, providing better stability and reducing pain.
  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory drugs or pain relievers can help manage the symptoms.
  • Joint Injections: Corticosteroid injections directly into the sacroiliac joint can reduce inflammation and pain.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgical intervention might be necessary to fuse the joints and alleviate pain.

Sacroiliitis, while challenging, is a manageable condition with the right approach. Understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatment options is crucial for those affected. If you suspect you have sacroiliitis, or any other condition causing neck, back, or joint pain, our team is here to help. Request an appointment or free MRI review today by filling out the form below or by giving us a call at (321) 499-4646

This blog post is intended for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare professional for medical concerns.

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