Trigger finger is a condition that affects the tendons in the fingers, making it difficult to straighten or bend the affected finger. The condition is also known as stenosing tenosynovitis and is caused by inflammation of the tendons in the fingers. The most common symptoms of trigger finger include pain, swelling, and a clicking or popping sound when attempting to straighten or bend the affected finger.
Orthopedic treatments for trigger finger are designed to reduce the inflammation and swelling in the tendons, allowing the affected finger to move more freely. The most common orthopedic treatments for trigger finger include:
Rest and Ice Therapy: Resting the affected finger and applying ice to reduce swelling can be an effective first step in treating trigger finger.
Splinting or Bracing: Wearing a splint or brace to immobilize the affected finger can help reduce pain and improve function.
Steroid Injections: Steroid injections can reduce inflammation and swelling in the affected tendons, providing relief from pain and improving finger movement.
Physical Therapy: Physical therapy exercises can help stretch and strengthen the affected tendons, improving finger movement and reducing pain.
Surgery: In severe cases of trigger finger, surgery may be necessary to release the affected tendon and improve finger movement. This is typically a minimally invasive procedure that can be performed under local anesthesia.
Common symptoms associated with trigger finger include:
Pain: Pain in the palm or base of the affected finger is a common symptom of trigger finger. The pain may be felt when trying to straighten or bend the finger.
Stiffness: The affected finger may feel stiff and difficult to move, especially first thing in the morning or after periods of inactivity.
Clicking or Popping Sound: A clicking or popping sound may be heard when attempting to move the affected finger, due to the tendon catching on the pulley that surrounds it.
Swelling: Swelling may occur at the base of the affected finger, especially near the palm.
Locking or Sticking: The affected finger may become locked or stuck in a bent position and be difficult to straighten, a condition known as "triggering".
Weakness: The affected finger may feel weak and may not have the same strength as the unaffected fingers.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of trigger finger, as prompt treatment can prevent the condition from becoming more severe and causing long-term damage. Your doctor will perform a physical exam and may order imaging tests to properly diagnose and determine the best course of treatment.
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